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ATOM - 3D

Vacuum Rabi splitting in a plasmonic cavity at the single quantum emitter limit

The strong interaction of individual quantum emitters with resonant cavities is of fundamental interest for understanding light–matter interactions

ATOM - 3D

ATOM - 3D

Authors:
Santhosh, K; Bitton, O; Chuntonov, L; Haran, G

Abstract:
The strong interaction of individual quantum emitters with resonant cavities is of fundamental interest for understanding light–matter interactions. Plasmonic cavities hold the promise of attaining the strong coupling regime even under ambient conditions and within subdiffraction volumes. Recent experiments revealed strong coupling between individual plasmonic structures and multiple organic molecules; however, strong coupling at the limit of a single quantum emitter has not been reported so far. Here we demonstrate vacuum Rabi splitting, a manifestation of strong coupling, using silver bowtie plasmonic cavities loaded with semiconductor quantum dots (QDs). A transparency dip is observed in the scattering spectra of individual bowties with one to a few QDs, which are directly counted in their gaps. A coupling rate as high as 120 meV is registered even with a single QD, placing the bowtie-QD constructs close to the strong coupling regime. These observations are verified by polarization-dependent experiments and validated by electromagnetic calculations.

Full Article

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