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Physics

Synthesis and Characterization of Pb@GaS Core–Shell Fullerene-Like Nanoparticles and Nanotubes

New types of core–shell nanoparticles are reported: Pb@GaS fullerene-like and nanotubular structures, achieved via the continuously high reactor temperatures and ultra-hot strong-gradient annealing environments created by highly concentrated sunlight

Physics

Authors:
Brontvein, O; Houben, L; Popovitz-Biro, R; Levy, M; Feuermann, D; Tenne, R; Gordon, JM

Abstract:
New types of core–shell nanoparticles are reported: Pb@GaS fullerene-like and nanotubular structures, achieved via the continuously high reactor temperatures and ultra-hot strong-gradient annealing environments created by highly concentrated sunlight. Structural and chemical characterizations suggest a formation mechanism where vaporized Pb condenses into nanoparticles that are stabilized as they become covered by molten GaS, the ensuing crystallization of which creates the outer layers. Hollow-core GaS fullerene-like nanoparticles and nanotubes were also observed among the products, demonstrating that a single solar procedure can generate a variety of core–shell and hollow nanostructures. The proposed formation mechanisms can account for their relative abundance and the characterization data.

Full Article

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